It is quite easy to understand the differences in Church management between the first millennium and the second millennium. In the first millennium, the particular Churches of the One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church prayed together and managed together. The eight ecumenical councils of the One Church were held in the Eastern Catholic Patriarchates of the One Church. Full respect of the Rock of the Church was always honored.

In the 1054 Great Schism, the Roman particular Church decided to go it alone and separated from the particular Churches of the East, namely those under the Major Holy Sees of Constantinople, Antioch, Alexandria, and Jerusalem. Without deliberations with the Patriarchs of the East, Rome soon implemented the manmade mandate of celibacy in 1139 to increase the missionary activity of the Roman particular Church. India, having two Eastern particular Churches was now under mission by celibate Roman priests. Hungary which was predominantly Eastern was now being Latinized. The Italo-Greek-Albanian particular Church felt the Latinization of Rome. It was quite evident that Rome was to change the world in that Apostolic Churches were to be contained and Roman Catholic dominance was the modus operandi.

During the entirety of the second millennium, all the ecumenical councils would be held in the Western half of the One Church. Dissent soon arose from the one-sided interpretations and activities of the celibate Church. In the middle of the second millennium, the Protestant Reformation was formulated by former Catholics, and once again, the Church was divided.

The result of the Great Schism and the Protestant Reformation during the celibate years of the Roman Church was not only the growth stagnation of the Roman particular Church at 20% of the world’s population but also to set the course where the priest shortage, due to the manmade mandate of celibacy, would continue to contain the percentage growth of the Roman Church to this very day.

Other religions would advantage themselves of the celibate-only priesthood status in the Roman Church and, especially the Protestant Churches, unbelievably, obtain a high percentage of their membership from the Roman Catholic Church. Can you fully understand newly formed Protestant Christian Churches seeking members from Our Lord-founded Apostolic Catholic Churches? While the celibate-only priesthood of the Roman Catholic would make some advances, the world would suffer a divided Christian Church. Rome had lost much of her potential to go forth and make disciples of all.

Significantly important, the One Church, as the years processed through the second millennium, would witness wars and poverty becoming the norm of civilization. The worldwide full impact of the One Catholic Church was measurably lost. The third millennium will require the Roman Catholic Church to change her management procedures. First, Rome must understand that the One Church divided must be repaired. ABCRC article #44, Roman and Orthodox Church Unity, as detailed in

www.abcrc.us, received encouragement from one Orthodox Patriarch but not a word from 700 Romans, including every USA Catholic bishop and many key persons in Rome and Europe.

The hundreds of years of dialogue between the Anglicans and Romans finally resulted in Anglicanorum coetibus but required celibate-only priests in future vocations. The 1139 Roman manmade mandate of celibacy continues to keep separate the Oneness of the Catholic Church. Instead of providing a particular Church status to encourage all Protestants to seek union, the iron-fist of Roman management on their interpretation of non-dogma practices was demanded.

The Catholic priest shortage throughout the world stifles progress in our evangelization missions. Protestant ministers continue to reach out and especially in Catholic dominated countries. Originally, Roman celibate priests were to be the evangelizing force of our Catholic missions but now they exist primarily as pastors in parishes and our missions suffer.

Probably the most significant Roman management shortsightedness was the handling of the second millennium ecumenical councils resulting in primarily Roman Catholic bishops representing only the Roman Catholic interpretation instead of the interpretation of all the particular Church Patriarchs of the One Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church, East and West. As a result, additional barriers were inserted that hardened the separation, for example, and probably the most critical, the continuation of the manmade mandate of celibacy.

Dialogue toward Unity between East and West has existed for hundreds of years but the playing field has not been leveled. Bishops of the particular Roman Church have positioned themselves as the controlling leading factor. The Eastern Patriarchs have always accepted the Patriarch of Rome as the Pope and the Rock of the One Church. And what does Rome do but remove the title of Patriarch of the West from the Pope. Evidently, Rome found the long-standing practice of being first amongst equals at the Patriarchal level as unacceptable.

The primary corrective action to attain One Church Unity may be to conduct One Church ecumenical councils of the third millennium to be at the Patriarchal level and the Patriarch of the West as the Pope, the Rock of the Church, to head the Patriarchal ecumenical councils with veto power as noted in ABCRC article #44 located in www.abcrc.us.

The thousands of Roman bishops and cardinals can continue their Roman ecumenical councils at the bishop level and their results to be implemented at the Roman Catholic particular Church requirements.

The Patriarch of Athens and All Greece, Chrystodoulos+ replied favorably in

www.abcrc.us to a Unity document prepared by Catholic faithful who have endured decades of Roman Catholic management of their particular Church that is in need of love and trust that appears to be at the forefront of Pope Francis. Our Byzantine Catholic prayers are with Pope Francis. God Bless Him!



Joseph P. Bonchonsky